Energy is a
fundamental aspect of human existence: it is the principal means for
providing access to basic needs such as food and water and it
facilitates various opportunities for the achievement of a decent
quality of life.
affordable, adequate, and appropriate energy services is therefore a
prerequisite for sustainable development, and for achieving the
Millenium Development Goals adopted by the
governments of the world, including the goal of reducing poverty and
Perhaps the most
critical challenge related to energy for sustainable development is how
to increase access to affordable, modern energy services, while also
ensuring that the energy services provided do not cause further adverse
environmental and socio-economic impacts.